There are some diseases you just get to know about because of your environment and their prevalence. I am not talking about knowing the types of diabetes.
The types is a branch under the knowledge of what diabetes is. Certain diseases are commonplace in the environment we grew up in.
Diabetes, Tuberculosis, Malaria, Typhoid and HIV AIDS are diseases that are as famous as the celebrities we see on television.
It is not unsual to have victims of those diseases scattered over every compound in the ghetto we grew up in, it was that bad.
I come from a family that majory of family members eventually get affected by diabetes.
They claim it is a family thing (I reject that claim in my own life). But one thing that is never mentioned, is the type of diabetes the family is prone to.
In order to know, I decide to make my own research and give meaning to the question: what are the different types of diabetes.
But before going into that, I would like us to define diabetes.
What Is Diabetes?
a disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine.
In summary it is a disease about insulin, glucose and the blood.
As simple as it is it, it is a disease that has broken the hearts of many family members in Nigeria.
The Common symptoms of diabetes:
- Urinating often
- Feeling very thirsty
- Feeling very hungry – even though you are eating
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
- Weight loss – even though you are eating more (type 1)
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
With that being said, let us now move on to business proper. Which is to outline the two types of diabetes.
So people can at least have a sense of what the disease is about.
Types Of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells, meaning no insulin is produced. This causes glucose to quickly rise in the blood.
- Previously known as juvenile diabetes.
- Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease.
- Type 1 diabetes has no cure buy can be managed.
Type 2 diabetes
- In Type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t make enough insulin, or the insulin it makes doesn’t work properly, meaning glucose builds up in the blood. In other words the body becomes resistant to insulin.
- About 90 per cent of people with diabetes have Type 2.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
Accorsing to WebMD
Genes. Scientists have found different bits of DNA that affect how your body makes insulin.
Extra weight. Being overweight or obese can cause insulin resistance, especially if you carry your extra pounds around the middle. Now type 2 diabetes affects kids and teens as well as adults, mainly because of childhood obesity.
Metabolic syndrome . People with insulin resistance often have a group of conditions including high blood glucose, extra fat around the waist, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglycerides.
Too much glucose from your liver. When your blood sugar is low, your liver makes and sends out glucose. After you eat, your blood sugar goes up, and usually the liver will slow down and store its glucose for later. But some people’s livers don’t. They keep cranking out sugar.
Bad communication between cells. Sometimes cells send the wrong signals or don’t pick up messages correctly. When these problems affect how your cells make and use insulin or glucose, a chain reaction can lead to diabetes.
Broken beta cells. If the cells that make the insulin send out the wrong amount of insulin at the wrong time, your blood sugar gets thrown off. High blood glucose can damage these cells, too.
- Age: 45 or older.
- Family: A parent, sister, or brother with diabetes.
- Ethnicity: African-American, Alaska Native, Native American, Asian-American, Hispanic or Latino, or Pacific Islander-American.
- Getting little or no exercisem
- Sleeping too little or too much.
Long Term Effects
- Heart and blood vessels
- Nerves, which can lead to trouble with digestion, the feeling in your feet, and your sexual response
- Wound healing
Diabetes World Fact
- Diabetes kills 1.5 million people every year worldwide.
- This number is expected to double by 2030.
- Men are at a slightly higher risk than women of developing diabetes.
Hope you learnt something new? Not just the two types of diabetes but other facts as well.
Do remember to share among friends and family.